The Kilim, a page of history

tapis Kilim uniqueThe Kilim’s roots lie in Anatolia at the crossroads of ancient civilisations between the Orient and the West. Born from women’s creativity, the Kilim is renowned for its beauty and the diversity of its colours.

Authentic Kilims are mainly made by women, using a flat-weaving technique, hence the name kilim or gelim, generating from the Persian language. The rugs that are referred to as djidjim, have specific embroideries, other varieties bear the signature of the designer through pearls or bows.

Kilims represent the heritage and identity of nomadic, semi nomadic and sedentary people that weave the rugs. Each family, each tribe as well as each village has its unique style: according to the region, colours are shimmering or sober, the motives purged or complex. The motives on Kilims represent a sort of symbolic writing.

tapis kilims de toutes les couleursInitially, the Kilim was used as a blanket to protect the floors of mosques or yurts.

Traditionally, Kilims stood for an undoubted valuable method of exchange to ideally complete birth and bridal trousseaus.

The most common materials are wool, cotton, hemp, silk, camel and/or goat’s hair.

In the past, the colours used to dye Kilims were of mineral, animal or vegetable origin. They were made by craftsmen, using specific techniques such as, decoction and maceration. The wool was then died in a caldron, enabling all the shades to fully develop.